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Tuesday, November 10, 2020 | History

3 edition of Response of legumes to prescribed burns in loblolly pine stands of the South Carolina Piedmont found in the catalog.

Response of legumes to prescribed burns in loblolly pine stands of the South Carolina Piedmont

Charles T. Cushwa

Response of legumes to prescribed burns in loblolly pine stands of the South Carolina Piedmont

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Published by Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service in Asheville, N.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Prescribed burning -- South Carolina,
  • Loblolly pine -- South Carolina,
  • Legumes -- Effect of fires on -- South Carolina

  • Edition Notes

    Statement[Charles T. Cushwa, Melvin Hopkins, Burd S. McGinnes].
    SeriesResearch note SE -- 140., Research note SE -- 140.
    ContributionsHopkins, Melvin., McGinnes, Burd S.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination6 p. ;
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17619480M
    OCLC/WorldCa54054881

    Barnett, James P.; McGilvray, John M. Performance of container and bareroot loblolly pine seedlings on bottomlands in South Carolina Barnett, James P.; McGilvray, John M. Copper-Treated Containers Influence Root Development of Longleaf Pine Seedlings 1 > > rme otancls inooutneastern Arkansas reatments consisted of 1) an unburned control, 2) an irreg- ular winter burn [every years], 3) a winter burn every ive years, and 4) a winter burn every 10 years (Cain et al., ). Each of the ha compartments was divided into six- een 1-haplots. Each 1-haplothad an interior measurement)lot of ha that was surrounded bya 10 Cited by: 1. Soil Chemistry in a Loblolly/Longleaf Pine Forest with Interval Burning. Binkley D, Richter D, David MB, Caldwell B. We examined the yr cumulative effects of prescribed fires at intervals of 1, 2, 3, and 4 yr in a loblolly and longleaf pine forest in the Coastal Plain of South by: loblolly pine seedlings at a south Georgia nursery. Containers with selected crop and weed species were infested with or adults and juveniles of the Lor~gido/~r.s individuals to evaluate host suitability. Nematode populations increased in containers with slash,lohlolly. and longleaf pine seedlings.


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Response of legumes to prescribed burns in loblolly pine stands of the South Carolina Piedmont by Charles T. Cushwa Download PDF EPUB FB2

IMPORTANCE TO LIVESTOCK AND WILDLIFE: Partridge pea seeds are a valuable food for northern bobwhite in the Southeast [21,24,34].Wild legumes, including showy partridge pea, were found to be the most important fall and winter foods of northern bobwhite in the Alabama Piedmont forests of slash pine (Pinus elliottii), loblolly pine (P.

taeda), and shortleaf pine (P. WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE: Loblolly pine is the leading commercial timber species in the southeastern United States [3,7].Three-quarters of a million acres (, ha) are harvested each year for lumber and pulpwood [].Most harvested pines are under 50 years old [].After 36 years, an even-aged planted stand can yield 5, to 6, total cubic feet per acre (.

Formal prescribed burning tests were carried out on one-quarter acre plots located in two typical South Carolina coastal plain loblolly pine stands. The treatments compared summer and winter fires, including annual versus periodic applications. In addition to determining degree of hardwood control obtained from the various fire treatments, the study appraises their effects on.

preparation in Loblolly Pine stands of pole size and larger trees. Formal prescribed burning tests were carried out on 1/4-acre plots located in two typical South Carolina coastal plain Loblolly Pine stands. The treatments compared summer and winter fires. Loblolly pine is the most commercially important pine of the Southeast where it is dominant on approximately 29 million acres and makes up over one-half the standing pine volume.

This pine cannot survive the occasional severe winters of USDA zone 5 but has a solid hold on most of the southern is the most common plantation pine in the southern. On the disk taken from m, diameter growth will also be least five mature ( years) stands, each with both longleaf and loblolly pine as co-dominants in the canopy, will be selected for sample for the growth of mature trees.

In each stand, trees each will be cored for longleaf and loblolly pine. longleaf pine (P. palustris) by the Southern Station in the late 's in south Alabama, abandoned after about 15 years, and resumed in the late 's (Farrar and Boyer ).

This work includes operational cy­ clical prescribed burning. At least one lumber com­ pany owning someacres (, hectares) of longleaf pine in south.

frequent fire to maintain open stands [22–24] and will abandon colonies if midstory density gets too high [25]. Most information on the effects of fire in the Piedmont region dates back to the s and s when prescribed fire was used as a silvicultural tool to reduce hardwood competition in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) stands [26–29].Cited by: 7.

Surface fuels were characterized in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantations severely impacted by southern pine beetle (Dendroctonus frontalis Ehrh.) (SPB) outbreaks in the upper South Carolina Piedmont. Prescribed burning and mastication were then tested as.

Buy Relation of Soil Characteristics to Site Index of Loblolly and Shortleaf Pines in the Lower Piedmont Region of North Carolina (Duke University School of Forestry. Bulletin) on FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders.

year-old loblolly pine stands and in a mature hardwood-pine forest in the Piedmont of South Carolina. Interception loss for the loblolly pine stands was estimated to be 14, 22, 18, and 18 percent of annual precipitation (54 inches). Annual interception loss from the hardwood-pine stand was similar to that of the pine Size: KB.

Surface fuels were characterized in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantations severely impacted by southern pine beetle (Dendroctonus frontalis Ehrh.) (SPB) outbreaks in the upper South Carolina Piedmont.

Prescribed burning and mastication were then tested as fuel reduction treatments in these areas. Prescribed burning reduced fuelbed continuity by consuming litter (Oi.

Growth response of Pinus taeda L. to herbicide, prescribed fire, and fertilizer Article in Forest Ecology and Management (2) October. Janu Prescribed burn in planted longleaf pine stand. Objective is to remove as much loblolly pine competition as possible and "clean up" the stand.

Stand Structure and Yields for Site-Prepared Loblolly Pine Plantations in the Piedmont and Upper Coastal Plain of Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina [Robert L Bailey, Galen E.

Grider, John W. Rheney, Leon V. Pienaar] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Changes in vegetation structure and composition in response to fuel reduction treatments in the South Carolina Piedmont Article in Forest Ecology and Management (). 1. Introduction.

Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) and slash pine (Pinus elliottii Engelm.) are the two most important commercial timber species in the southeastern United States (Smith et al.,Dicus and Dean, ).An important decision for forest landowners is to select the proper species for a given site.

Forest landowners require knowledge of loblolly and slash Cited by: 4. Response of legumes to prescribed burns in loblolly pine stands of the South Carolina Piedmont / (Asheville, N.C.: Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, U.S.

Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, ), by Charles T. Cushwa, Burd S. McGinnes, and Melvin L. been converted to loblolly pine plantations. Much of this conversion can be attributed to the Conservation Reserve Program (Hays, ). A study to provide growth and yield information for genetically improved loblolly pine planted on an old-field site in the Georgia Piedmont was installed in at the B.F.

Grant Memorial Size: KB. Loblolly pine mean annual increment in total volume per acre at age 21 was ft3/ac for HB&H, ft3/ac for SP&D, ft3/ac for H&B, ft3/ac for C,H&B, ft3/ac for C&B, and ft3/ac for B.

Complete vegetation control implemented in stands receiving operational chemical site preparation (H&B) provided a long term growth Size: KB. PRESCRIBED BURNING IN SOUTHERN PINE FORESTS: Fire Ecology, Techniques, and Uses for Wildlife Management Across the South, lightning causes wildfires and humans purposefully burn forests.

Some plants and ani-mals are generalists and can survive under a wide variety of conditions, and others have very site-specific needs. Prescribed burning is an File Size: KB. the use of fertilizers. Longleaf pine is the favored species to rake, followed by slash then loblolly in Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina.

Loblolly will tend to produce approximately 20 to 25% more pine straw than slash and longleaf on most sites. Pine stands that are weed free are more attractive to pine straw contractors so the use ofFile Size: KB. planted pine - consisting of planted pine stands under extensive (traditional) management intensivelly managed pine plantations - planted pine under intensive management; oak-pine forest type - forests in which hardwoods (usually upland oaks) constitute a plurality of the stocking but in which pines account for 25 to 50% of stocking.

pine to longleaf plantations with forest stand improvement and prescribed burning December Page | 2 • Locate any existing openings in the loblolly/slash plantation and enlarge them to an average of ½ acre ( feet in diameter).

Create additional ½. Soil CO 2 efflux resulting from microbial and root respiration is a major component of the forest C cycle.

In this investigation, we examined in detail how soil CO 2 efflux differs both spatially and temporally with respect to stand age for loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantations on the Virginia Piedmont.

Throughout a month period, efflux rates were measured both near the base of Cited by:   • A site preparation study was established in to evaluate the effect of different site preparation treatments on growth and yield of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantations on the Piedmont and Upper Coastal Plain regions of the southern United States.

Site preparation treatments included: (1) burn only, (2) chop-burn, (3) shear-pile-disk, (4) chop-herbicide-burn, Cited by: of our pine plantation stands, prescribed burns (most in Jan– Mar, 1 in Jul) were conducted 1–3 times (6 of 10 stands in regeneration harvests, 10 of 13 in loblolly plantations, and 8 of 13 in longleaf plantations) during the 9-year study period.

Different stands were burned in. collected over much of the natural range of loblolly pine. A sepa- rable differential equation which expresses height growth as a func- tion of both height and age was used to develop the site index curves.

These site index curves should be applicable to loblolly pine plan- tations on cutover, site-prepared lands through much of the Size: 93KB. Pine Stands without Longleaf in the Overstory and No Recent Fire History Many more are the result of deliberate replacement of longleaf by planting either loblolly or slash pine.

at least 2 successive growing season burns should be performed prior to harvest of the overstory in preparation for reforestation. Both loblolly and slash pines are more likely to die if severely scorched or root damaged at this time. Time of Day. Normally, plan burning operations so the entire job can be completed within a standard workday.

Prescribed fires usually are ignited between 10 a.m. and noon after sunshine has evaporated any early morning dew. The term,” yellow pine”, can refer to several pine species or groups of species which tend to grow in similar forest types and yield similar strong wood.

In the Western US, yellow pine refers to Jeffrey pine or Ponderosa pine. In the United Kingdom, yellow pine refers to Eastern white pine or Scots pine. In the Southern US, yellow pine. Prescribed Burning in Newly Planted Longleaf Pine Alabama Guide Sheet No. AL A Definition Prescribed burning is an integral part of the longleaf pine ecosystem.

A prescribed burn can be defined as a practice that uses controlled fire to reduce competition, control disease, provide for the establishment of native vegetation and wildlife habitat. Forestry Commission expands burning ban for all Piedmont counties in South Carolina COLUMBIA—The South Carolina Forestry Commission has expanded its State Forester’s Burning Ban from five Upstate counties to all Piedmont counties, effective at 6 p.m.

The counties covered by the ban include Abbeville. AP Loblolly Pine Removal and Restoration Project U.S. Forest Service Sumter National Forest Andrew Pickens Ranger District Oconee County, South Carolina DECISION Based on my review of the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), I have decided to implement Alternative 3.

This alternative, which includes mitigation and monitoring, best meets the. pine straw contractors so the use of herbicides, mowing and prescribe fire are important tools to get these pine stands attractive and ready to rake.

This paper addresses herbicides that are labeled for use in loblolly, longleaf, and slash pine stands to control unwanted vegetation from post stand establishment to the first Size: KB. Prescribed burning activity in remnant longleaf ecosystems of North and South Carolina between and 2.

Objective 2. Develop a detailed understanding of factors that impact prescribed burning activity in longleaf pine forests.

The effects of ownership, motivations for. Dendrology Exam 3 study guide by ZuriPeterkin includes 85 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. longleaf loblolly slash pine, bottomland hardwoods, carolina bays and pocosins longleaf pine occurred in mixed stands in the lower Piedmont and north of the Neuse River.

Name two tree species that grew with longleaf in these mixed. MANAGEMENT OF LONGLEAF STANDS FOR PINE STRAW HARVESTING AND THE SUBSEQUENT IPFLUENCE ON FOREST PRODUCTIVITY James D.

Hayvvood, AIIan E. Tiarks, Michael L. ElliottSmith,and Henry A. Pearson' I ifant& increase bngleaf pine period, but apparent4 INTRODUCTION Pine straw harvwting can be highly profitable.

South Carolina Trees for South Carolinians The South Carolina Forestry Commission has grown and distributed over billion forest tree seedlings since we began operating in It is the Forestry Commission’s mission to provide high quality improved seedlings for the landowners of South Carolina.

Field reviews have identified 1, acres of new loblolly stands that were not addressed in the FEIS. These stands need to be restored to native forest species appropriate for the ecological zone and loblolly pine (a non-native species) needs to be eliminated as a long term seed source.

Which of the following statements about prescribed burns is true? A. Prescribed burns typically result in a few people being burned to death each year. B. Some species of pine trees require fire to reproduce. C. Gopher tortoises and snakes typically climb to escape the dangers of fire.

D. Deers are very frightened by any sign of fire.Longleaf pine has greater wildlife habitat value, is more resistant to insects and disease, and is better able to withstand hurricane‐force winds than other southern pines, particularly loblolly and slash pines. Because of rapid early growth, loblolly and slash pines have often.

While longleaf pine savannahs in the southeast U.S. depend on periodic fires, today's prescribed burns are set too often for the tremendous diversity of amphibians living there. New research.